How did the Industrial Revolution affect people in how they worked and how they ...
During this period, the working population faced a lot of violence as the workers and the industrialists fought over the workplace control.
The American workers responded to these changes in the workforce by organizing the first American labor union and organizing strikes. When the workers realized that they did not stand a chance in their struggle with a combined force of the industrialists and United States government, they decided strong labor unions. Previously, the workers did not have any union and thus, the formation of the National Labor Union in 1866 helped in organizing successful strikes. The union also united workers of different races, ethnicities, occupations and genders. They also campaigned and lobbied for restriction of child labor and 8 hour a day. The American workers sought to gain some control over their working lives by fighting for social and political reforms. The workers united and fought to gain control by organizing long and violent strikes. They also left the traditional political parties and started one of their own which helped them to push for changes in law. The labor unions and reformers also experimented with different organizations and political approaches to seek some control over the lives of the workers.
Work obviously started to require less skill, because many production processes were automatized and standardized. This allowed factories to hire much more people than before, turning them into huge organizations, the directors of which had to learn how to organize and manage the labor of hundreds of people. The volumes of production increased dramatically. Gradually, laborers started to stand up for their rights, because despite the new and progressive methods of production, the attitude of factory owners to workers remained, gently saying, unfair. Our modern 40-hours work week, minimal wages, a right for vacation, trade-unions, and other things we take for granted, originate from the dark times of the Industrial Age, when people had to work 12-14 hours a day with just one weekend (or no weekend at all).